Stages of Periodontal Disease

Stages of Periodontal Disease

Commonly known as gum disease, there are multiple stages of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the most well known, as well as the most common. Unfortunately, gingivitis can worsen without treatment and become a more destructive form of periodontal disease.

As your trusted La Mesa, California dental office, A Shop for Smiles is able to treat every stage of periodontal disease, from gingivitis to more advanced forms of the disease.

The Stages of Periodontal Disease Explained

As mentioned before, there are multiple stages of periodontal disease. The first, and most common stage, is gingivitis. This is characterized by swollen and inflamed gums that often bleed during brushing and flossing. Regular oral hygiene can help prevent gingivitis from developing.

If left untreated, gingivitis can worsen into chronic periodontitis or aggressive periodontitis. These stages can require antibiotics and dental procedures like scaling and root planing.

If chronic and aggressive periodontitis is not treated, periodontal disease will continue to worsen. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease is the next form and is incredibly serious. This is when gum disease has been caused by or is related to another systemic health issue, like heart disease.


Each stage of periodontal disease carries with it the increased risk of other diseases. Some of the diseases that can be caused or worsened by periodontal disease are:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Stroke
  • Premature births
  • Low birth weight

As you can see, the risk of developing these diseases is linked to untreated periodontal disease and should be avoided. Practicing good oral hygiene, living an active lifestyle, and refraining from smoking can all lower your risk for developing gum disease and the associated diseases.

Schedule an Appointment Today!

If you suffer from gingivitis or another stage of periodontal disease, we can help. Call our La Mesa, California dental office today!