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Stages of Periodontal Disease

Commonly known as gum disease, there are in fact multiple stages of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the most well known, as well as the most common, however, gingivitis can worsen without treatment and become a more destructive stage of periodontal disease. Luckily, treating periodontal disease is a common need and can be performed by Dr. Hagstrom.

As your trusted La Mesa, California dental office, A Shop for Smiles – Richard Hagstrom, DDS is able to treat every stage of periodontal disease from gingivitis to more destructive forms of the disease. Before you contact our dental office, let our expert staff explain the stages of periodontal disease and the risk factors that accompany it.

The Stages of Periodontal Disease Explained

As mentioned before, there are multiple stages of periodontal disease. The first, and most common stage, is gingivitis. This is characterized by swollen and inflamed gums that often bleed during brushing and flossing. Regular oral hygiene can help prevent gingivitis from developing.

If left untreated, gingivitis can worsen into chronic periodontitis or aggressive periodontitis. These stages can require antibiotics and specialized dental techniques like scaling and root planing.

If chronic and aggressive periodontitis are not treated, periodontal disease will continue to worsen. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease is the next form and is incredibly serious. This is when gum disease has been caused by or is related to a systemic disease, like heart disease.

The fifth stage of periodontal disease is necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. If this stage progresses without treatment, it can be fatal.

The sixth stage of gum disease is the development of periodontal abscesses. These are pockets of pus caused by the bacteria infection. If these pockets drain, the bacteria can find its way into your bloodstream and can lead to a host of other diseases.


Each stage of periodontal disease carries with it the increased risk of other diseases. Some of the diseases that can be caused by periodontal disease are:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Stroke
  • Premature births
  • Low birth weight

As you can see, the risk of developing these diseases is linked to untreated periodontal disease and should be avoided. Practicing good oral hygiene, living an active lifestyle and refraining from smoking can all lower your risk for developing gum disease and the diseases associated with such.

Schedule an Appointment Today!

If you suffer from gingivitis, or another stage of periodontal disease, Dr. Hagstrom can help. You can contact us online or give our La Mesa, California dental office a call at 619.465.5252 to schedule an appointment today!

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for new patient appointment, includes full mouth x-rays, digital photos, oral cancer screening and comprehensive exam. Contact Us Today For Details


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Richard J Hagstrom, DDS
8923 La Mesa Blvd
La Mesa, CA 91942
Phone: (619) 465-5252
Fax: (619) 462-8222
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